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Maple, Hard

Creamy white sapwood with a slight reddish brown tinge, heartwood varies from light to dark reddish brown. Darker heartwood can vary with growing region. Close fine, uniform texture is generally straight grained but known to have some figure.

Thicknesses

Subject to availability

4/4
5/4
6/4
7/4
8/4
9/4
10/4
12/4
16/4
20/4
1/2"
3/4"
1"
Lengths

Subject to availability

4-6'
7/8'
9/10'
11/12'
13/14'
15/16'
17-20'
7' and longer
Applications
Cabinet Doors
Cabinetry
Flooring
Furniture
Furniture Frames
Interior Millwork
Interior Trim
Musical Instruments
Passage Doors
Turned Objects
Veneer

Distribution

Northeastern North America

Scientific Name

Acer saccharum

Specific Gravity: Basic

0.56

Specific Gravity: 12% MC

0.71

Janka Hardness

1450

Color/Appearance

Unlike most other hardwoods, the sapwood of Hard Maple lumber is most commonly used rather than its heartwood. Sapwood color ranges from nearly white, to an off-white cream color, sometimes with a reddish or golden hue. The heartwood tends to be a darker reddish brown. Birdseye Maple is a figure found most commonly in Hard Maple, though its also found less frequently in other species. Hard Maple can also be seen with curly or quilted grain patterns.

Grain/Texture

Grain is generally straight, but may be wavy. Has a fine, even texture.

Endgrain

Diffuse-porous; small pores that are uniformly spaced; solitary and radial multiples of 2-3; tyloses or mineral deposits are absent; parenchyma marginal; both narrow and wide rays, spacing normal.

Rot Resistance

Rated as non-durable to perishable, and susceptible to insect attack.

Workability

Fairly easy to work with both hand and machine tools, though slightly more difficult than Soft Maple due to Hard Maples higher density. Maple has a tendency to burn when being machined with high-speed cutters such as in a router. Turns, glues, and finishes well, though blotches can occur when staining, and a pre-conditioner, gel stain, or toner may be necessary to get an even color.

Odor

No characteristic odor.

Allergies/Toxicity

Hard Maple, along with other maples in the Acer genus have been reported to cause skin irritation, runny nose, and asthma-like respiratory effects.

Pricing/Availability

Should be moderately priced, though slightly more expensive than Soft Maple. Also, figured pieces such as birdseye, curl, or quilt are likely to be much more expensive.

Sustainability

This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
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Maple, Hard
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